Rapid Re-housing (RRH) is an evidence-based approach to end homelessness as quickly as possible for families and individuals. It centers on a school of thought called “Housing First,” the idea that people are much more likely to find success when they are no longer in a stressful crisis situation; rather than wait for people who have become homeless to be “housing ready,” shelters help them into housing first, and then connect them with any additional services they might need. This intervention has low barriers to entry, high placement rates, and low rates of return to shelter.
Rapid re-housing acts as a trampoline, using targeted financial assistance and short-term services to quickly return individuals and families who have slipped into homelessness back into housing and stability. For shelters, using rapid re-housing to “exit” families and individuals into stable housing situations frees up shelter beds, reduces shelter overcrowding, and frees staff time to provide more intensive services for those with greater needs.
In Connecticut, many rapid re-housing providers access assistance funds from the Connecticut Rapid Re-housing Program, a program created by the Department of Housing after the success of the 2010 Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-housing Program (HPRP). However, shelters across the state are increasingly finding other avenues of funding in order to quickly move families and individuals into their own housing.
Rapid Re-Housing Resources by Topic
- History and Research of RRH in Connecticut
- Connecticut’s RRH Program Resources
- Connecticut’s RRH Learning Collaborative
- Critical Time Intervention (CTI) Pilot Program
- Provider Resources
History and Research of Rapid Re-Housing in Connecticut
In 2010, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) allowed providers in Connecticut to greatly expand rapid re-housing services. Under HPRP, and in three years, CT providers re-housed 3,100 people in over 1,600 households.
In 2013, we looked back on this data to consider the questions: Were these resources well spent? Did those people return to shelter? We found that three years after receiving rapid re-housing, eighty-two percent (82%) of singles and 95% of Families have not returned to a Connecticut shelter. At the two year post-exit mark, almost 90% of singles and 94% of families had not returned to shelter.
In 2013, New London Homeless Hospitality Center implemented rapid re-housing at a scale substantial enough to have several important and positive effects on clients and the shelter. Read the full CCEH pilot program brief. Through this pilot, NLHHC:
- Re-housed relatively large numbers of shelter clients over a short period of time;
- Shortened average length of time clients were homeless in this shelter; and
- Reduced shelter census substantially over the period of at-scale implementation.
For more history on rapid re-housing nationally, read the National Alliance to End Homelessness’s Rapid Re-Housing: A History and Core Components.
Connecticut’s RRH Program Resources
- Department Of Housing (DOH) RRH Program Documents (zipped folder)
This zipped folder is full of documents directly from the CT Department of Housing to be used for the implementation and CT’s RRH program.
- Environmental Review Documents (zipped folder) NEW 7/17/18
This zipped folder contains documents and guidance on the new Environmental Review requirement by HUD that applies to all RRH projects funded by CoC or ESG.
- Rapid Re-Housing Data Dashboards
View data pulled directly from Connecticut’s Homeless Management Information System (HMIS).
- An Evaluation of the Connecticut Rapid Re-housing Program (PDF)
The Connecticut Coalition to End Homelessness (CCEH) initiated this evaluation of the CT Rapid Re-housing program (CT RRH) across the state of Connecticut to understand and improve statewide RRH performance. The evaluation was conducted by The UConn Health Disparities Institute (HDI). Funding was provided by the Melville Charitable Trust from January 2014 to October 2016 and data collection occurred from September 2014 to April 2016.
- Rapid Re-housing at Scale in Connecticut: New London Homeless Hospitality Center Pilot Program (PDF)
The CCEH report on a case study of rapid re-housing in New London, Connecticut in partnership with the New London Homeless Hospitality Center (NLHHC). This report contains information about how the program was implemented as well as the results.
Connecticut’s RRH Learning Collaborative
CCEH organizes learning collaborative meetings every other month for RRH providers to troubleshoot and support each other in implementing best practices for their RRH programs. These meetings are open to any RRH provider in Connecticut. Please contact us to be included in these meetings.
Critical Time Intervention (CTI) Pilot Program
In 2017, Connecticut’s rapid re-housing providers embarked on a pilot to implement Critical Time Intervention (CTI) as a strategy to improve the client’s capacity to remain housed during program participation and beyond by effectively connecting them with crucial community supports and helping them to attain greater economic stability.
- Rapid Re-housing: A History and Core Components (NAEH)
The National Alliance to End Homelessness’ guide to the history, main components, and best practices of rapid re-housing as a part of the Housing First approach.
- Rapid Re-Housing Toolkit (PDF)
The National Alliance to End Homelessness’ comprehensive toolkit.
- RRH Performance Benchmarks and Program Standards (PDF)
A document from the National Alliance to End Homelessness that provides details on performance benchmarks that would qualify a RRH program as effective.
- RRH Best Practices from New London Homeless Hospitality Center (PPT)
This presentation on rapid re-housing explores best practices from a local perspective in terms of its role in the crisis response system, an overview of the pilot from New London, Connecticut, and practices such as staffing approaches and housing location support.
- HUD & USICH: Core Principles of Housing First and Rapid Re-housing Presentation (PPT)
This presentation goes over the principals of Housing First and rapid re-housing as well as the strategic planning and 2014 goals of HUD and USICH.
- Rapid Re-housing, National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2014 Presentation (PDF)
This presentation by the National Alliance to End Homelessness goes over some of the strategies behind core components of rapid re-housing, such as rental subsidies, case management, and barrier assessment.
- Five Key Strategies for Advancing Rapid Re-Housing (NAEH Blog Post)
This outline from the National Alliance to End Homelessness’s Rapid Re-Housing Works campaign, talks about the five key strategies for advancing rapid re-housing that were discussed at our recent Rapid Re-Housing Leadership Summit. But what are these strategies, and why do they matter.
- One-Page Guide to Rapid Re-housing, National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH PDF)
This one pager by the National Alliance to End Homelessness is a simplified overview of rapid re-housing gives an overview of the program’s key components and design.
- Making the Shift from ‘Cookie-Cutter’ Rapid Re-Housing to a Program that Houses as Many People as Possible (NAEH Blog Post)
- CCEH Resource Library
Browse the CCEH resource library for more information on topics that can support RRH programs and meet challenges. The library includes trainings and information on topics such as trauma informed care, progressive engagement, safely doubled-up, and more.
- Teaching Tenancy Presentation (PPT)
Jamie Randolph (Salvation Army) presented at the June 2018 RRH Learning Collaborative on teaching clients how to be good tenants.
- Person Centered Planning and Motivational Interviewing: Applying Insights to Shelter Operation (PDF)
A 2015 Annual Training Institute presentation by Cathy Zall from the New London Homeless Hospitality Center and Kristen Granatek from CCEH.
- Financial Literacy Toolkit – “Your Money, Your Goals” (PDF)
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has many materials for organizations/providers that help people meet their financial goals by increasing their knowledge, skills, and resources. Their “Your Money, Your Goals” toolkit teaches providers how to help people make spending decisions that can help them reach their goals, order and fix credit reports, make decisions about repaying debts and taking on new debt, keep track of their income and bills, and much more. United Way of Greater Waterbury and United Way of Greater New Haven have occasionally provided trainings on this toolkit.
- Rapidly Re-Housing Households with Zero Income (YouTube)
The National Alliance to End Homelessness webinar on how two successful programs – Homefull in Dayton, OH, and Friendship Place, in Washington, DC – are able to successfully rapidly re-house households with no income.
- Mental Health & Substance Use Resources & Trainings
The Connecticut Clearinghouse is a statewide library and resource center for information on substance use and mental health disorders, prevention and health promotion, treatment and recovery, wellness and other related topics. They frequently hold free “Mental Health First Aid” trainings along with others.